Rokas Grincevičius


Despite the fact that e-government is developed by a country which is making the first steps in this area, or state, seeking to increase effectiveness of the existing e-government tools, it is necessary to have the methodology to create a basis for the formation of strategic e-government decisions, whose implementation will meet existing citizen needs and emerged challenges which appear during continuous information communication technology transformation processes. One of the ways to respond to these requirements is the application of foresight exercises as a component of strategic e-government planning. Nevertheless in Lithuania and many other Eastern European countries, the planning process is still centralized, based on the five-year planning context. Ex communist states are behind other regions with the number of research based on the foresight methodology, so these conditions determine the lack of information in this domain and this article is a small part of the attempt to fill the existing vacuum. The main aim of this article is to analyse the foresight impact on the electronic government strategic planning process, its role in the political decision formation process and by identifying contact points of different foresight research components, in the context of e-government foresight methodology framework creation processes, to form a deeper perception on how foresight works as a system. This aim is determined by the following objectives—to analyse foresight concept, circumstances and causes of its origin, main guidelines, methods used during foresight exercises and reasons, which determine its application; also, to analyse different suggested foresight exercise approaches and according to the results of the analysis, to form a distinctive e-government foresight methodology, which can be used for already performed foresight analysis or for prototyping a planned one. Thus, the first part of the article covers the most important theoretical aspects of foresight, its development guidelines, and roles in the different stages of the planning process. In the second, practical part of the article, conceptual methodology of e-government foresight is presented, which is made by linking findings, carried out in analysing particular foresight concepts, with different foresight framework analysis results. The research methodology included literature analysis of different scientific sources, systemic analysis of different foresight methodologies and the creation of conceptual foresight framework. Also e-government foresight conception, which describes the e-government foresight phenomenon and defines foresight place in the e-government strategic planning process, could be presented as the summarized conclusion of this article: e-government foresight is a process, which underlies e-government strategic planning, during the communication process of different partners, coordinating participants that are concentrated on longer term actions to achieve consensus on e-government development objectives and confidence in the e-government policy decision-making process, including the broad range of stakeholders.