Jonas Babravičius Ignas Dzemyda


The twentieth century world faces economic, social and political challenges due to the different fields of life restructuring. The State faces new challenges of more efficient management and ability to adapt to new global developments. In the result of the analysis of scientific literature on new public management (NPM) six elements that underpin this management approach have been identified, namely decentralisation, privatisation, orientation of the results of the market mechanism towards the public sector, private sector management practices, and introduction of participation. It is to be noted that these elements are closely related. The analysis of the elements of NPM revealed that they can make positive changes in the public sector, by making it more efficient and encourage competition, but they are just as likely to lead to new problems and do more harm than good. From the original concept of a political idea to the final concept, all concepts of voucher of higher education enshrined in the legislation have been characterised by at least three elements of the NPM, and the final concept is fully consistent with the new public management, which meets all of the six characteristic elements of the NPM.