Irena Leliūgienė Justinas Sadauskas


In order to create, organize and develop communities as well as to use their resources so that the problems will be solved and the needs met, it is important to know and to understand approaches to the community and the types of the concept. The purpose of the article is to overview the interpretation of the community concept and the criteria for community classification. The scientific literature analysis method was used for this purpose. In this article, with reference to scientific literature, various criteria for typology of communities are analyzed: purpose, sociological features, role in sharing knowledge, size, socio-cultural peculiarities, nature of community, functionality and creation of personal identity. Emphasis is put on the types of communities of interest and on territorial communities. The features of the concept of the territorial community are analyzed more extensively.