Ūla Lunevičiūtė Rūta Pukinskaitė


The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between narcissistic traits and achievement motivation in a sample of young Lithuanian adults. Participants were students (N = 193) from different universities in Vilnius: 69 men and 124 women. The mean age of the respondents was 22,5 years (SD = 3,41), and the age range was 19 years to 28 years. NPI (R. Raskin, H. Terry; 1988), CLAMS (T. Cassidy, R. Lynn; 1989), BIS/BAS (C. S. Carver, T. L. White; 1994) were used in research. The results of this study indicate that a higher level of general narcissism construct was found to be associated with a stronger dominance, competitiveness, aspiration for status and mastery motives (rho=0,23-0,59). There was significant positive association between dominance and aspiration for status motives to all narcissistic traits (NPI). Competitiveness motive was positively related to authority, superiority and exhibitionism traits; mastery motive was positively related to the traits of authority, sself-sufficiency and exploitativeness. Results of the research indicate that narcissistic traits (as well as the general narcissism construct) are unrelated to the work ethic motive; this means that narcissism is not related to a set of values based on hard work and diligence. Correlation analyses indicated that higher levels of narcissism were associated with a stronger behavioral approach system (BAS) scores (rho=0,22-0,43) and associated with the lowest behavioral avoidance (or inhibition) system (BIS) scores (rho=-0,15-0,20). Avoidance of failure was positively related to the traits of self-sufficiency, superiority and exploitativeness.