Gitana Dudzevičiūtė


The purpose of this publication is to study the dependence of defence funding on economic  factors, namely the prosperity of the country, economic growth, the budget deficit, gross government debt,  and inflation rate. The investigation uses secondary data obtained from the Eurostat database and covers the  period from 1997 to 2021. The author analyses three Baltic countries such as Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania,  to ascertain which economic factors have a statistically significant effect on defence sector funding. For this  purpose, the author applies correlation analysis and automatic linear modelling (ALM). The findings of the  investigation showed differences and similarities between the countries under consideration. In the case of  Estonia, defence funding is significantly affected by the prosperity of the country, which is expressed in real  GDP per capita, and gross government debt. These economic factors explain 92.6 per cent of defence funding.  The cases of Latvia and Lithuania are very similar in terms of the influence of economic factors on defence  spending. In these countries, the tendencies of real GDP per capita significantly effect on defence funding. This  influence is slightly different and amounts to 76.2 and 78.4 per cent, for Latvia and Lithuania, respectively.  The insights of the research can be useful to the governments of these nations when making decisions about  defence funding aimed at ensuring security in the Baltic region.


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