The relevance of the study is conditioned by a plenitude of difficulties that have a constraining influence on the development of social entrepreneurship in Kazakhstan. The purpose of the study is to define the term “social entrepreneurship”, to trace its differences with non-profit organisations. Therewith, it is necessary to understand what factors hinder the development of social entrepreneurship in Kazakhstan and propose solutions to these problems. The leading approach to the study was the analysis of the experience of foreign countries in social entrepreneurship development, an overview of the problems faced by acting social entrepreneurs around the world, as well as the study of work experience of social entrepreneurs in Kazakhstan. The results of the study demonstrated that the main factors hindering the development of social entrepreneurship in Kazakhstan are the lack of a legal framework regulating the activities of social entrepreneurs; lack of lending programs; high level of taxation, etc. Ways of solving these problems were proposed: development of a legal form for social entrepreneurs; consolidation of the legal term, establishment of criteria and principles of social entrepreneurship; involvement of state and quasi-state organisations to support burgeoning social entrepreneurs, etc.