STATE PROTECTION OF THE YOUTH LABOR MARKET IN THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN IN CONDITIONS OF UNCERTAINTY

Rysty K. Sabirova, Aiman A. Mussayeva, Ainur R. Tazhidenova, Zhanargul K. Bissembiyeva, Akmaral D. Mukasheva

Abstract


The development of the labour market of the Republic of Kazakhstan is described by instability among certain age groups, an increasing imbalance between the demand for labour and its supply. The current processes in the Republic of Kazakhstan prioritise the provision of youth employment both at the national and regional levels. Attracting young people to the sphere of productive labour is complicated by the imperfection of state regulation mechanisms. The scientific originality was determined by the fact that the growth of the labour force competitiveness and its adaptive potential necessitates advanced methodologies and techniques for assessing structural and dynamic shifts in the labour market, the integration of its individual segments into the existing socio-economic space, as well as the development of methodological foundations for forecasting these processes. The labour market is a system of social relations, including legal provisions and institutions that ensure the proper reproduction and effective use of labour, the quantity and quality of which are appropriately rewarded. The methodological framework of the study included general scientific and special methods of cognition. The use of systematic and integrated research approaches allowed determining the specific features of the youth labour market as an object of state regulation and justifying the need for the development of a comprehensive mechanism for its state regulation. The increased need for the state to implement measures aimed at preventing the growth of youth unemployment leads to revising and changing the methods of the youth labour market state regulation.


Keywords


labour market; youth employment; living standard; social policy; economy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andersson, L. 2020. “Coordination Patterns and Institutional Settings: A Comparative Study of Labour Market Programs for Unemployed Youth in Sweden and the United Kingdom”. Policy Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/01442872.2020.1724924

Assmann, M.-L., Tolgensbakk, I., Vedeler, J.S., and Bøhler, K.K. 2020. “Public Employment Services: Building Social Resilience in Youth?” Social Policy and Administration 55(4): 659–73. https://doi.org/10.1111/spol.12649

Cheng, G.H.-L., Chan, D.K.-S., and Au, W.T. 2020. “Profiles of Employability and Their Career and Psychological Implications among Unemployed Youth”. Applied Research in Quality of Life. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-020-09869-4

Denny‐Smith, G., Sunindijo, R.Y., Loosemore, M., Williams, M., and Piggott, L. 2021. “How Construction Employment Can Create Social Value and Assist Recovery from Covid‐19”. Sustainability (Switzerland) 13(2): 1–20. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020988

Kachynska, N.F., Zemlyanska, O.V., Husiev, A.M., Demchuk, H.V., and Kovtun, A.I. 2021. “Labour Protection as a Component of Effective Management of a Modern Enterprise”. Scientific Bulletin of Mukachevo State University. Series “Economics” 8(1): 77-85.

Karabchuk, T. 2020. “Job Instability and Fertility Intentions of Young Adults in Europe: Does Labor Market Legislation Matter?” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 688(1)” 225–45. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716220910419

Koksharov, V.A., Agarkov, G.A., and Sushchenko, A.D. 2021. “Precarisation of Labour as a Growing Form of Employment of Young Specialists in the Context of the Сovid-19 Pandemic”. Economy of Region 16(4): 1061–71. https://doi.org/10.17059/EKON.REG.2020-4-4

Lindemann, K., and Gangl, M. 2020. “Parental Unemployment and the Transition into Tertiary Education: Can Institutions Moderate the Adverse Effects?” Social Forces 99(2): 616–47. https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/soz155

Mamun, M.A., Akter, S., Hossain, I., Faisal, M.T.H., Rahman, M.A., Arefin, A., and Griffiths, M.D. 2020. “Financial Threat, Hardship and Distress Predict Depression, Anxiety and Stress among the Unemployed Youths: A Bangladeshi Multi-City Study”. Journal of Affective Disorders 276: 1149–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.075

Minh, A., O’Campo, P., Guhn, M., and McLeod, C.B. 2020. “Out of the Labour Force and Out of School: A Population-Representative Study of Youth Labour Force Attachment and Mental Health”. Journal of Youth Studies 23(7): 853–68. https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2019.1639648

Mokona, H., Yohannes, K., and Ayano, G. 2020. “Youth Unemployment and Mental Health: Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression among Unemployed Young Adults in Gedeo Zone, Southern Ethiopia”. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 14(1): article number 61. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-020-00395-2

Offiong, A., Lewis, Q., and Powell, T.W. 2020. “Making Success Tangible: Reengaging Female Opportunity youth in Baltimore, MD”. Perspectives in Public Health 140(4): 187–89. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757913920921195

Paciello, M.C., and Pioppi, D. 2020. “Working Class Youth Transitions as a Litmus Test for Change: Labour Crisis and Social Conflict in Arab Mediterranean Countries”. Mediterranean Politics 26(3): 308–29. https://doi.org/10.1080/13629395.2020.1749814

Pankratova, V.O. 2021. “General Principles of Law as a Source of European Union Law”. Legal Horizons 14(2): 111-7.

Polukarov, Yu.O., Prakhovnik, N.A., Polukarov, O.I., Demchuk, H.V., and Zemlyanska, O.V. 2021. “Assessment of the Economic Effect from the Implementation of Labour Protection Measures at Enterprises”. Scientific Bulletin of Mukachevo State University. Series “Economics” 8(1): 68-76.

Salud-Payumo, C., Monsura, M.P., Magpantay, M., Sanguyo, E., and Guillo, A.C. 2020. “Socioeconomic Profiling of Communities Surrounding Polytechnic University of the Philippines as Basis of Extension Programs”. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 23(13A): article number 8196. https://doi.org/10.36295/ASRO.2020.231328

Shah, R., Jafeer, Q.-U.-A., Saeed, S., Aslam, S., and Ali, I. 2020. “Unemployment and Social Stigma: Naming, Blaming and Shaming of Educated Youth in Rural Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan”. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 40(7–8): 543–58. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-10-2019-0206

Shibuya, K., Guo, H., and Fong, E. 2020. “Unemployment Patterns of Local-Born and Migrant Youth in a Postcolonial Society: A Double Cohort Analysis”. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 688(1): 20–37. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716219896290

Sighaldeh, S.S., Zarghami, F., Charkazi, A., and Negarandeh, R. 2020. “A Qualitative Study of Factors Influencing the Onset of Hookah Smoking among Iranian Men with Turkmen Ethnicity”. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health 10(2): 135–42. https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191206.001

Sukhonos, V.V., Kane, S., and Wilkinson, G. 2021. “Social Basis of State Power in the Conditions of a Latin American-Type State”. Legal Horizons 14(2): 91-7.

Unt, M., and Täht, K. 2020. “Does Early Career Unemployment at the Peak of a Recession Leave Economic Scars? Evidence from Estonia”. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 688(1): 246–57. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716220911890

Wade-Bohleber, L.M., Duss, C., Crameri, A., and von Wyl, A. 2020. “Associations of Social and Psychological Resources with Different Facets of Chronic Stress: A Study with Employed and Unemployed Adolescents”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(14): 1–17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145032

Wesseling, W.I.E. 2021. “Towards a More All-Inclusive Evaluation of Interventions for Unemployed Youth: A Longitudinal Investigation of Participant, Programme, Relational and Contextual Factors”. Social Policy and Administration. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/spol.12705

Yip, P., Chen, M., So, B.K., Lam, K.F., and Wat, K.P. 2020. “Optimal Strategies for Reducing Number of People in the Social Security System”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(4): article number 1305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041305

Zub, M.Ya., and Shulika, D.A. 2018. “Polyfunctionality of the infrastructure of the regional labor market in the stage of innovative shifts in the economy of Ukraine”. Scientific Bulletin of Mukachevo State University. Series “Economics” 2(10): 74-80.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.13165/VPA-21-20-5-11

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




"Public Policy and Administration" ISSN online 2029-2872 / ISSN print 1648-2603