SOCIO-ECONOMIC DIFFERENTIATION OF RUSSIAN REGIONS AND THE PROBLEM OF ENSURING ECONOMIC SECURITY

Marina N. Rudenko

Abstract


The relevance of the research topic is due to the fact that in modern conditions in Russia the regions (constituent entities of the Russian Federation) have a different level of socio-economic development, different degrees of production development, GRP per capita, as well as different levels of unemployment, employment, population income. All this also forms a different degree of investment attractiveness of regions, a different degree of living standards in them, affects in different ways on migration flows and determines different prospects for their development. Ultimately, a significant differentiation of regions in terms of the degree of socio-economic development negatively affects the economic security of the state. In a federation, regional development should be less differentiated, should be levelled, including under the influence of the federal centre. The purpose of the article is to assess the differentiation of the development of Russian regions using the example of Moscow, the Moscow region, the Sverdlovsk region and the Perm Krai, as well as to determine the prospects for the alignment of regional development. The main research results: the author noted that in order to reduce the differentiation of Russian regions and the asymmetry of regional development, the author sees it through stimulating the investment activity of the regions through improving tax legislation, providing benefits to industrial enterprises. At the same time, it is necessary to develop infrastructure, primarily transport and logistics.

Keywords


regional development; regional economy; internal threats; external threats

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13165/VPA-21-20-5-09

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