Different regulatory models of transfer of industrial property rights in the Baltic States: A plea for harmonized approach

Aleksei Kelli, Age Värv, Tõnis Mets, Vadim Mantrov, Ramūnas Birštonas, Carri Ginter


The authors explore different models of transfer of industrial property on a comparative basis. The article demonstrates that these models differ on a country level and several models may be in use in one legal system. The authors analyze strengths and weaknesses and legal implications of these models in the three Baltic States both at the regulatory level and at the practical level through case studies. The authors conclude that would be preferable to use the model under which the register is vested with negative publicity and the transfer of ownership of industrial property is not made dependent on its recordation.


Intellectual property; Patents; Trade marks; Registries; Harmonization; Baltic states

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