Aušrinė Pasvenskienė


Academic freedom is the constitutional right to freely decide whether to engage in science and research, including the right to freely choose the sphere of scientific research and methods of investigating particular subjects, to form scientific worldview. One of the main principles is the ability to generate new knowledge through research and inquiry without any restrictions. Scholars must be free to choose specific research area and this may help ensure that students get the most current knowledge. The article analyses restrictions that may be imposed, their justification and limitations on the publication of research results and raises the question what should be the balance between the openness of scientific research and the needs of national security? Freedom of research should be restricted when the benefit is unlikely to the human kind, or when the significant harm is highly likely on the influence of dangerous knowledge or a dangerous way of gaining knowledge; also
the misuse of biology and medicine which may lead to acts endangering human dignity; also terrorism which may highly impact public security. In all other cases, research is to be regarded as a public good necessary for creation of knowledge and a better and healthier society and must be defended and protected.