After Poland's accession to the European Union and the Schengen Agreement, its eastern border became an external border. One of the negative effects of the enlargement of the European Union, at least from the point of view of the development of cooperation with the countries of Eastern Europe, was the necessity of introducing a visa regime in passenger traffic at the external borders of the Community. In order to maintain good neighbourly contacts on the eastern side of the country, negotiations on the visafree regime were launched. Such a solution was possible thanks to the Regulation 562/2006 adopted in 2006 which allows Member States to negotiate bilateral agreements with neighbouring countries, facilitating small border traffic for social, economic or cultural exchange purposes.
The authors present the analyses of the impact of local border traffic between Poland and the Russian Federation (Warmia and Mazury and the Kaliningrad District) on the security of inhabitants of the Polish border region.
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