Alvydas Šakočius


The aim of the study is to carry out comparative analysis of laws and regulations, covering countries, in particular Central and Eastern European countries, which use specific testing procedures to assess institutional and professional integrity. The study has shown that the integrity testing as an administrative procedure poses less risk of violating the rights and freedoms of a person when it is applied in the internal management of the organisation; it’s also helpful for ensuring the quality of staff and discipline. External, especially targeted, professional integrity tests usually have autonomous means and methods similar to covert law enforcement operations. They have to be regulated and supervised in the same manner as the criminal intelligence and prosecution procedures in order to guarantee the rights and freedoms of the persecuted under specific laws.


public integrity, professional integrity testing, crime intelligence, human rights.

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