Austė Kraujelytė


Under current conditions of knowledge economy intellectual property is one of the most important factor and resource for scientific, economic, and social development. Acquisition and management of this resource is crucial not only for business undertakings or public entities, but also for states in a broader sense. Intellectual property or knowledge is source of innovation in all spheres of life and especially in electronic space. Electronic space embraces such fields as e-democracy, e-government, e-business, e-health, e-learning and others. However, it is important to analyse e-government and e-business, as these fields in many European states are among priorities of knowledge society development. Moreover, e-business and e-government are knowledge and innovation intensive spheres, which have possibilities to exploit possibilities of intellectual property and create knowledge-based economy. However intellectual property as a resource is very complex, time intensive and requires substantial financial and technical resources. Frequently creation, acquisition, and usage of intellectual property involve several social groups, for ex. Science and business communities or science and state institutions.
The aim of this paper is to analyse main trends in intellectual property transfer between science, business, and state institutions in e-government and e-business context and show the importance of intellectual property to the development of these fields. The paper analyses intellectual property transfer between science, business and state institutions, potential of intellectual property usage for e-government and e-business development, principles of foreign knowledge transfer examples and possibilities to adapt these principles in Lithuanian context. There is analysed prevailing concept of intellectual property and its transfer and initiatives of e-government and e-business. Conclusions underline importance of intellectual property transfer to e-government and e-business development in Lithuania and proposes model of intellectual property, which is formed according to foreign experience and Lithuanian context.